Sources

 

Introduction and Timeline

Erik J. Chaput, The People's Martyr: Thomas Wilson Dorr and his 1842 Rhode Island Rebellion (Lawrence, KS: The University of Kansas Press, 2013).

Elaine Weiss, The Woman’s Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote (New York: Penguin, 2018).

Rhode Island Manual, 1983-84 (State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1984).

Rhode Island Department of State, Women’s Suffrage Timeline, https://www.sos.ri.gov/divisions/civics-and-education/for-educators/themed-collections/women-suffrage-timeline, accessed March 11, 2020.

Memes

Baby Carriage Memes

 

 “Anti-Suffrage Arguments,” The Ohio State University Department of History, eHistory Exhibitions, https://ehistory.osu.edu/exhibitions/1912/womens_suffrage/interest, accessed May 11, 2020.

Linton Weeks, “American Women Who Were Anti-Suffragettes,” National Public Radio History Department, October 2015, https://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/10/22/450221328/american-women-who-were-anti-suffragettes, accessed May 11, 2020.

Elaine Weiss, The Woman’s Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote (New York: Penguin, 2018), 19.

Ella Morton, “Why Women Led Anti-Suffrage Campaigns Against Themselves,” Atlas Obscura, July 11, 2016, https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/why-women-led-antisuffrage-campaigns-against-themselves, accessed May 11, 2020.

Mary Lippitt Steedman Meme

 

Alice Paul (presentation, 75th anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, Seneca Falls, July 1923), quoted in “ERA History,” Equal Rights Amendment, Alice Paul Institute, 2018, https://www.equalrightsamendment.org/history, accessed May 2, 2020.

 

Lila Thulin, “The 97-Year-History of the Equal Rights Amendment,” Smithsonian, Nov. 13, 2019, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/equal-rights-amendment-96-years-old-and-still-not-part-constitution-heres-why-180973548/, accessed May 11, 2020.

 

Lesley Kennedy, “How Phyllis Schlafly Derailed the Equal Rights Amendment,” History.com, March 19, 2020, https://www.history.com/news/equal-rights-amendment-failure-phyllis-schlafly, accessed May 11, 2020.

 

Two Modes of Ratification," Equal Rights Amendment, Alice Paul Institute, 2018, https://www.equalrightsamendment.org/pathstoratification, accessed May 2, 2020.

 

"Why We Need the Equal Rights Amendment," Equal Rights Amendment, Alice Paul Institute, 2018, https://www.equalrightsamendment.org/why, accessed May 2, 2020. 

Anti-Suffragists Meme

 

Fabre Line History and Ephemera | GG Archives,” https://www.gjenvick.com/OceanTravel/SteamshipLines/FabreLine.html, accessed May 4, 2020.

“Only Women Fight Bill for Suffrage.” The Providence Journal, February 14, 1914.

NPR.org. “American Women Who Were Anti-Suffragettes,” https://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/10/22/450221328/american-women-who-were-anti-suffragettes, accessed May 4, 2020.

RI Flag Meme

 

Rhode Island Population by City, Town, and County: 1790 -2010,” RI Division of Statewide Planning,  http://www.planning.ri.gov/documents/census/popcounts_est/pop_cities_towns_historic_1790-2010.pdf, accessed May 11, 2020.

 “1840 Presidential General Election Results - Rhode Island,” https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?year=1840&fips=44&f=0&off=0&elect=0, accessed May 4, 2020.

Rhode Island Manual, 1983-84, 53-55.

 “History of Federal Voting Rights Laws,” the United States Department of Justice, August 6, 2015, https://www.justice.gov/crt/history-federal-voting-rights-laws.

Woodman, Spencer. “The Strange Case of Rhode Island’s Voter-ID Law,” Vice (blog), April 26, 2016, https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/qbx7j5/the-strange-case-of-rhode-islands-voter-id-law, accessed May 11, 2020.

 

Hopkins, Dan. “What We Know About Voter ID Laws,” FiveThirtyEight (blog), August 21, 2018, https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/what-we-know-about-voter-id-laws/, accessed May 11, 2020.

 State of Rhode Island Board of Elections, Frequently Asked Questions, https://elections.ri.gov/faq/, accessed March 13, 2020.

Lippitt House Voters Meme

 

Preserve Rhode Island, “Lippitt House Museum’s 19th Amendment Commemoration,” Lippitt House Museum.

Carrie Taylor, "Live-in Servants 199 Hope St.," Lippitt House Museum, March 20, 2017.

Rhode Island Department of State, Women’s Suffrage Timeline, https://www.sos.ri.gov/divisions/civics-and-education/for-educators/themed-collections/women-suffrage-timeline, accessed March 11, 2020.

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